Miniature Pinscher

Average Height

25 - 30cm

Average Weight

3 - 5 kg

Expected Lifespan

12 -16 years

The King of the Toys

The Miniature Pinscher is one of the smallest dogs around. They were originally bred to catch rats in stables, in Germany. The Miniature Pinscher was dubbed “The king of toys” because of their distinctly small size and their larger than life personality.

Being very curious dogs, it is essential to make sure that your Min Pin is in a secure area when they are left alone. These dogs are known for being able to escape from their secured areas if they aren’t secured properly. They will essentially investigate the entire area to find a spot to squeeze through.

The Miniature Pinscher make great watchdogs because of their alertness but they make ever better companions to their families. With these dogs being small in size and high in energy, they are very much like toddlers and need constant supervision.

This breed fits wonderful into families and tend to be goofballs around their family members to be the centre of attention. If you are looking to add a Miniature Pinscher to your home and you have a toddler, then it is not recommended to get this pooch as they are very much like a toddler themselves.

The Miniature Pinscher Anatomy


Head is well proportioned and narrow. Skull is flat and tapers towards the muzzle. Muzzle is strong, topline is parallel to the topline of the skull. Ears are set high and are erect from the base to the tip. Eyes are full and slightly oval. Eyes are black, can have lighter pigment in brown dogs. Nose is black, in brown dogs it will be self-coloured. Mouth has a scissor bite.


Neck is slightly arched, muscular, gracefully curved and blends smoothly into the shoulders. Back is level or slightly sloping towards the rear. Shoulders are sloping with moderate angulation. Forelegs are small with strong bone development. Elbows are close to the body. Pasterns are strong and perpendicular. Forechest is well developed. Body is compact, slightly wedge shaped and muscular. Croup is level. Hindquarters are well muscled. Hind legs, when viewed from the rear, are straight and parallel. When viewed from the side they are well angulated. Thighs are well muscled. Rear pasterns are short and well apart. Stifles are well defined. Tail is set high and held erect. Coat is smooth, hard, short and straight.

The Miniature Pinscher Coat and Colours

Two distinct colours throughout the coat.

  • Black & tan
  • Black & rust
  • Blue & tan
  • Blue & rust
  • Blue & stag red
  • Chocolate & tan
  • Chocolate & rust
  • Chocolate & stag red
  • Fawn & tan
  • Fawn & rust
  • Fawn & stag red

Some Miniature Pinscher Traits

Grooming Frequency

Common Medical Conditions in Miniature Pinschers

This occurs when the dog’s kneecap is dislocated from its normal position in the groove of the thigh bone. When…

This is when there is a lowered production and release of the the T3 and T4 hormones. The T3 (liothyronine)…

This is when there is a degeneration of the retina, or photoreceptors within the eye that aid in the ability…

This occurs when the lens of the dog’s eye becomes opaque and loses transparency; appearing cloudy. When the lens is…

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